Customer L8 Login Customer Contract Login

TR19® Grease – The new specification for kitchen extract fire safety cleaning

By | Kitchen Extract Cleaning, News, Swiftclean | No Comments

In July 2019, a new specification for the fire safety management of kitchen extract systems was issued by The BESA (Building Engineering Services Association.) This is known as TR19® Grease and has been drawn up to encourage improved standards of compliance by contractors providing kitchen extract fire safety cleaning.

TR19® Grease has been developed from section 7 of the second edition of TR/19, the section which gave guidance on specific considerations for kitchen extract systems. Despite the clear advice which section 7 set out, some contractors had failed to follow TR/19 guidance correctly, or had ignored it completely, resulting in:

  • Grease deposits remaining in ductwork that clients believed was compliant
  • A number of ductwork fires, some severe
  • Significant fire damage to properties
  • Kitchen operators finding themselves uninsured, despite having employed a kitchen extract fire safety cleaning contractor

What’s different about TR19® Grease?

  • TR19® Grease is now a standalone specification which places more emphasis on controlling fire risk from grease build-up within kitchen extract systems.
  • Not just a guide to good practice, TR19® Grease is an industry-wide specification which must be followed by contractors operating in the sector under this specification.
  • Contractors must be members of the Building Engineering Services Competence Assessment (BESCA) Ventilation Hygiene Elite (VHE) Scheme if they wish to certify their work as TR19® Grease
  • Members of the VHE Scheme must also abide by the BESCA Code of Conduct
  • TR19® Grease introduces minimum competency levels for technicians carrying out and signing off on-site kitchen extract cleaning. Technicians must now have the the BESA Grease Hygiene Technician (GHT) qualification.
  • Each time a kitchen extract clean is carried out the contractor should register on the BESCA VHE portal where and when the clean was carried out and if the system was fully or partially cleaned.
  • Registration on the BESCA VHE portal will generate a BESCA certificate which will provide evidence of the compliant clean or partial clean, which will support the Post Clean Report.
  • A small fee will be charged for each certificate issued following registration on the BESCA portal.
  • Cleaning frequencies should be regularly reviewed to ensure that grease can be controlled at safe levels.
  • Grease levels must be controlled so as to not exceed a mean average of 200 microns between scheduled cleans.


How BESCA and the VHE scheme will ensure that best practice is observed:

  • BESCA will monitor and audit the compliance of VHE members, both with its code of conduct and with the TR19® Grease
  • BESCA auditors will make periodic checks on VHE members by asking to review a selection of their post-clean reports for compliance auditing purposes.
  • BESCA will be able to revoke or reject the membership of contractors who are considered to be in breach of VHE Scheme requirements or code of conduct.


Our role at Swiftclean

At Swiftclean, we have been providing expert risk control cleaning and compliance for more than three decades.  We have assisted the BESA over the years with both the initial drafting and the evolution of TR/19 for the Internal Cleanliness of Ventilation System. We have been full members of the VHE scheme since its inception.

For the past 24 months we have been working with The BESA and the RISC Authority to help to develop this new specification, TR19® Grease. At Swiftclean, we have always been diligent in following the requirements of TR/19 closely and, as a result, we have built an impeccable fire safety record on which our clients can rely.

We welcome the new TR19® Grease specification as a major advance in fire safety best practice and will be making a small additional charge of £5 per certification from September 2019 to cover the cost of registration and certification through the scheme.


Our advice

  • Insurers will look favourably on those who insist that their contractors certify through BESCA. This may be reflected in more favourable rates, so it is certainly worth mentioning when renegotiating business insurances.
  • Using a VHE member like Swiftclean will give you greater confidence that work is carried out in compliance with TR19® Grease and with TR/19 for your ventilation ductwork.
  • BESCA certification may be an added protection in law for the appointed Responsible Person.
  • £5 per certificate is a small price to pay for peace of mind.
  • You do have the right to continue to ask that we self-certify. However, to be fully TR19® Grease compliant we are advising all our clients to take up BESCA certification as it will be an industry-wide certification and a clear indication that you have adopted industry best practice for your kitchen and your premises.
  • If you would prefer that we do not certify via BESCA VHE and continue to self-certify, please advise us before the end of August 2019.


Swiftclean shortlisted in major flagship awards

By | News | No Comments

Duct cleaning and legionella risk experts Swiftclean, partnered with Zing Leisure, have been shortlisted for the prestigious Premises & Facilities Management Partnership Awards 2019, the flagship awards of the facilities management industry. Pitted in the final-line up against FM giant OCS, partnered with NEC Group; and safety specialist PTSG, partnered with Standard Life, Swiftclean is ranked among the top three UK specialist service providers in this year’s Partners in Expert Services category.

As an expert in ductwork cleaning, Swiftclean has been helping Zing Leisure to achieve and maintain full compliance with TR/19, the leading guidance document concerning ventilation hygiene, issued by BESA. Zing Leisure is the company behind a network of franchised Burger King outlets, including the flagship restaurant in Leicester Square, London. The management of Zing are scrupulously committed to compliance and turned to Swiftclean for help after being let down by a previous provider who had failed to achieve compliance with TR/19. Zing and Swiftclean have since formed an outstanding partnership which has achieved the shortlisting which puts them among the finest examples of industry best practice.

The partnership will now undergo further scrutiny from the judges, with the winners being announced at a glittering awards dinner in London in November 2019.

Swiftclean welcomes BESA ductwork fire safety campaign

By | Kitchen Extract Cleaning, News | No Comments

Swiftclean, the duct cleaning and legionella risk experts, have welcomed the new fire safety campaign launched by BESA. This was formed in response to the recent Aldgate fire in which yet another a fast food outlet was damaged, threatening the residential flats above it. Swiftclean Managing Director, Gary Nicholls, commented, “It is excellent to see BESA throwing its weight behind publicising the need for TR/19 compliance by highlighting the very real risk of fire which non-compliance poses.

“Our teams regularly tackle the results of non-compliance over a long period and witness first-hand the build-up of fat, oil and grease when regular TR/19 cleaning has not been carried out. We still, all too frequently see the kind of potential fire risk that caused the damage in Aldgate. The fact that this was entirely preventable makes it all the more concerning. BESA helping to raise awareness of the problem with this new initiative is entirely welcome and adds emphasis to our own efforts to raise awareness.”

Swiftclean recently won a coveted H&V News Award for its own campaigning efforts to raise awareness of the need to maintain fire dampers in ductwork and has also campaigned to ‘Make Hidden Grease Visible’, an initiative which has helped the company to win multiple awards over the past five years. Swiftclean is currently emphasising the need to keep all areas of the ventilation system ductwork accessible, so that TR/19 compliance cleaning can be carried out unhindered.

Gary Nicholls is also a member of the BESA steering committee which helps to draft TR/19, the leading guidance document concerning the hygiene of ventilation ductwork and has been instrumental in raising standards of compliance across the industry. Swiftclean is also a BESA training centre and has demonstrated exceptional commitment to training among its own technicians for several decades.


Serious restaurant ductwork fires highlight the importance of TR/19 compliance

By | Kitchen Extract Cleaning, News | No Comments

Swiftclean, duct cleaning and legionella risk experts, warned of the risks of neglecting TR/19 compliance, following two serious kitchen extract ductwork fires in London restaurants in early February 2019.


Eight fire engines and 60 firefighters attended a blazing fire in the ducting of a Chinese restaurant in Hounslow on 7 February 2019, while six fire engines and 40 firefighters were called to a restaurant fire in Brixton on 5 February 2019. In both cases fire took hold in the kitchen extract ductwork and began to spread through the building, threatening offices and living accommodation above the two restaurants.


Twenty people were evacuated from offices above the Chinese restaurant in Hounslow and, fortunately, there were no reported injuries. The London Fire Brigade report stated that the fire was believed to have been caused by an unattended saucepan of cooking oil, but the ductwork carried the fire from the ground floor kitchen to a washroom on the first floor. Both were destroyed by the fire.


According to the London Fire Brigade, the cause of the fire in Brixton was a build-up of grease in the extractor hood in the kitchen. One resident was evacuated from the flats above the Brixton restaurant as a precaution, but again, fortunately, there were no recorded injuries.


Gary Nicholls, Managing Director of Swiftclean, commented, “Grease in the ductwork is not always the cause of a fire, but the danger is that accumulated grease will spread fire further through the building and, once it is established within the ductwork, lack of access can make it more difficult for firefighters to tackle. TR/19 compliance is essential, not just for hygiene reasons but as a vital fire safety measure and to protect your business. If you don’t comply with TR/19 you can compromise your buildings insurance as well as putting staff, customers and neighbouring occupants at risk.”


Swiftclean has long been a leading advocate of TR/19 compliance, and provides specialist cleaning to TR/19 guidelines. MD Gary Nicholls is a member of the steering committee and co-author of TR/19, the leading industry guidance document on ventilation hygiene, which is issued by BESA.

Warding off air quality problems

By | Ductwork Cleaning, News | No Comments

Warding off air quality problems

Clean air is probably more important for the facilities users of hospitals and care homes than in any other sector. In the light of recent reports of infection being spread through ventilation ductwork, Gary Nicholls, MD of duct cleaning experts Swiftclean, explains the importance of complying with TR/19 guidelines.


There was a time when clean air was prescribed by doctors as a health cure for patients with respiratory ailments, and it has long been recognised as beneficial for everyone. In the past, much of the concern over indoor air quality centred around preventing condensation by providing a plentiful air flow for the occupants of a building.  However, the recent incidence of infection being spread through uncleaned ductwork at Queen Elizabeth University Hospital in Glasgow has highlighted the importance of removing from ventilation ductwork, following inspection on a regular basis, the inevitable accumulated dust, dirt and lint that can harbour bacteria and mould spores.


All ventilation ductwork should be inspected and tested at regular intervals and cleaned where dust levels exceed the benchmark limits in compliance with TR/19, the leading guidance document for ventilation hygiene, issued by BESA. The second edition of TR/19 introduced a requirement for all newly installed ventilation systems to be handed over for use in cleaned, TR/19 compliant condition. This was an important advance because, prior to this, ventilation ductwork was all too often found to contain dirt and debris from the construction process. There still may be some systems which have never been cleaned and which pre-date the second edition of TR/19, so it is vital for good air quality that these are tested and where necessary cleaned to TR/19 guidelines as soon as possible.


Unfortunately, as it is largely hidden, it is too easy for the ventilation system to be out of mind as well as out of sight. Although news reports of infection being spread are alarming, we should take them as an impetus to spur us to inspect, test and where necessary clean ventilation systems regularly. This benefits everyone. Care staff who work in poor air quality will suffer a cumulative long-term effect leading to increased sickness and absence levels, which is not good news for patients or managers. Additional costs will be incurred for replacing staff on sick leave, putting additional pressure on hospital budgets. Patients with compromised health or immune systems will be more immediately vulnerable to the ill effects of poor air quality, particularly hazards such as airborne spores or bacteria. Just as handwashing is now a major emphasis in hospitals, clean air should also be a high priority.


In every commercial building, it is important to classify the ductwork of the ventilation system as low, medium or high in terms of cleaning requirements. In a hospital, there will be different classifications according to the area and function of each sector of the building. The manager responsible for maintenance, perhaps in consultation with infection control, will need to define the classifications of each ventilation system serving the healthcare facility. Operating theatres, not surprisingly, will typically have a high classification. Wards, although not quite as critical, must have a good indoor air quality in order to promote speedy recovery and good health, so these will likely be given a medium classification. All public areas, as well as administrative offices should also be given a classification, typically medium. Less well occupied areas such as boiler rooms can be probably be given a low classification, however, steps must still be taken to ensure that these premises are as clean as possible, to prevent bacteria, such as the pigeon-related infection which affected Queen Elizabeth University Hospital, from entering the ventilation system.


The actual cleaning process in all these classification areas is the same, it requires the effective removal of any dust, dirt, lint or construction debris, leaving the ductwork completely clean and capable of meeting the TR/19 post clean verification test. The practical difference between the different classifications is in the thickness or weight of deposit which indicates cleaning being required. TR/19 sets out helpful tables which indicate how frequently the various areas in a building should be tested according to their cleanliness classification. Some parts of a hospital will require particular treatment; for example, laundry extracts must be regularly cleaned to remove dust and lint particles which can cause fires. Another potential fire hazard is the build up of grease in a kitchen extract system. Again, TR/19 explains how often these should be cleaned according to the rate of grease accumulation.


In order to comply with TR/19, it is essential that we have access to the entire ventilation system, so particular attention should be given in every new system, to providing adequate access to achieve TR/19 compliance throughout. In older systems, we can retrofit additional access doors, but where solid ceilings and false walls are added after installation, this may not be possible without major renovation works. It is far better, therefore, to design and install new ventilation systems with future TR/19 compliance in mind.  In settings where we care for the sick or infirm, maintaining good indoor air quality, and therefore the ability to access all the areas of the ventilation system, is always essential for everyone.

Ventilation – access all areas

By | Ductwork Cleaning, News | No Comments

Ventilation – access all areas

Despite a growing awareness of the issues surrounding ventilation hygiene and safety, there are still an alarming number of potential barriers to compliance throughout the lifetime of some ventilation systems, as Gary Nicholls, Managing Director of Swiftclean and co-author of TR/19, explains.


Many more building owners and managers are now becoming aware that to run a safe and healthy building, there are a number of ventilation compliance issues to tackle. As well as complying with TR/19, the leading industry guidance document on ventilation hygiene issued by BESA, they also have to tackle the annual testing and ongoing maintenance of fire dampers within the ventilation system, which is covered by BS:9999.


A poorly maintained ventilation system can adversely affect indoor air quality which, in turn, can negatively impact the wellbeing of a building’s end users. In a residential setting, it can exacerbate conditions such as asthma, so it is essential that ventilation ductwork is cleaned thoroughly at regular intervals in accordance with TR/19. In a commercial setting, poor air quality can have a detrimental effect on concentration and productivity and has frequently been linked with raised sickness and absenteeism levels, so TR/19 compliant ductwork also makes good commercial sense.


The ductwork itself is often routed through fire resistant internal walls which are designed to delay or prevent the spread of fire. Potential openings through fire rated walls present an opportunity for fire to travel to other parts of the building, so it is essential that these openings can be sealed in the event of fire by installing fire dampers, a set of steel louvres which will close automatically should a fire occur. Obviously, it is also essential that these are regularly tested, using a method called drop testing. In 2017 BS:9999 drop testing became an annual requirement, to ensure that fire dampers will work properly if needed, and this is an area in which fire officers are, understandably, clamping down.


In the case of kitchen extract ductwork systems, regular TR/19 cleaning also helps prevent fires by removing the flammable grease deposits which are an unavoidable result of cooking. The second edition of TR/19 includes helpful tables which lay out the necessary cleaning frequency, according to each system’s classification (high, medium or low). Heavily used systems such as commercial kitchen extracts will need cleaning the most often and here the rate of deposit accumulation will define the cleaning frequency requirements.


Despite a legal requirement to comply with both TR/19 and BS:9999, which Swiftclean provides, we continue to experience physical barriers to compliance. Clearly, in order to achieve compliance, we must be able to access all areas of the ventilation system, but there are still some fundamental reasons why this is not always possible.


Ventilation systems must be designed and installed in accordance with DW144 for ordinary ductwork or DW172 for kitchen extract ductwork. TR/19 is not a design or installation requirement, but a guideline (and a legal requirement) for ongoing compliance. Ironically, DW144 and DW172 do not include the full remit of access points which are required by TR/19. A new version of TR/19 will be published in 2019 following a review of the issues concerning kitchen extract systems, and this is expected to increase the minimum access door frequency requirement from every 3 meters to every 2 meters. As there are currently no plans to review DW172, the discrepancy between the two is set to grow.


A new, ventilation system can, therefore, be designed, installed and commissioned in full compliance with DW144 and DW172, but in order to achieve ongoing compliance with TR/19, we may well have to retrofit additional access doors at the very first clean. In a busy commercial kitchen, we all too frequently have to install further access points when the system is just a few months old.


In order to effectively clean an ‘elbow’ in the ductwork, we need to be able to approach the angled section from both directions, but we often find that there are insufficient access points close enough to allow a thorough clean. Again, we can usually retrofit an additional door, but it seems nonsensical to have to do this during a new system’s first clean.


This is all very well if the ductwork itself is accessible. This is not always the case. When we are carrying out TR/19 cleaning, we often encounter situations in which a solid ceiling or false wall has been added after the ventilation system was installed. We cannot then tell whether access points exist and have been covered over, or were never included. In many cases, we cannot install additional access points even if we need to, or the client would wish us to. Gaining sufficient access to the ventilation system to achieve TR/19 compliance may involve expensive major remodelling or an unsightly ceiling access hatch. A solid ceiling may look more attractive, but a suspended ceiling is usually better for achieving compliance. There are no building regulations which stipulate that the construction of ceilings or walls should preserve access to essential services for ongoing compliance. Perhaps there should be.


Since TR/19 compliance is required by law, we would argue that it should be designed into the system’s construction from the outset. This would mean updating DW144 and DW172 to include the principles in TR/19. There should also be measures in place to prevent the permanent covering of the ventilation system (and other essential services that will need ongoing maintenance) so that it remains accessible.


System design regulations ought to include sufficient access to conduct fire damper testing to BS:9999. In the event of a fire, smoke and flames can travel through the ductwork to other parts of the building, so it is life critical that fire dampers close as designed to restore the compartment created by the fire-resistant wall. This delay allows vital time to evacuate the building’s users. Fire dampers are often installed in hospitals, care homes, hotels and halls of residence, so the need to be able to evacuate residents and guests is obvious.


If your system is not compliant with TR/19, or does not allow fire damper testing, you will probably find that your buildings insurance cover is compromised. Insurers expect that in managing your building you will comply with the law so, if you don’t, you may not receive a pay-out. In the event of a fire, the legal consequences for any responsible persons can include prosecution and, if found guilty of negligence, can result in a custodial sentence.


Most of these potential problems would be solved if we designed and installed ventilation systems in accordance with TR/19 and with BS:9999 in mind from the outset. Retrofitting additional access points is more expensive than installing them during initial construction, so it makes commercial sense to provide for ongoing compliance at the design stage. If we also ensured, perhaps with a new building regulation, that any further ceiling construction and aesthetic remodelling did not interfere with safe access, we could achieve ongoing system compliance without problems. All of this is surely common sense. Why would we ignore this when good health, and even lives, may depend on it?